Forensic Engineers and Consultants

Tag Archive: The Warren Group

  1. The Use of Taglines to Control Crane Loads

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    The adequacy of a crane’s load line to support the weight of the object being lifted is an obvious concern when evaluating a crane lifting operation. Less obvious, but often equally important, is the presence and adequacy of taglines to provide control of the load orientation.

    Taglines are simply ropes or lines that are (more…)

  2. Heating System Losses: Part Two

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    Previously, Warren posted the first installment of a series on losses associated with heating systems.  The first article looked at central forced air furnaces.  This new article will look at a common form of supplemental or secondary heat, oil filled electric radiant heaters. These heaters are commonly used to provide extra heating in areas that are lacking in central heating capacity. Another rationale for their use arises from manufacturer’s claims that the portable heating units can lower your power bill.  This is based on (more…)

  3. Stairs: The Devil’s in the Details

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    Issues with stairs are interesting with respect to either personal injury, i.e., someone falling on a staircase; or construction defects, i.e., the stairs not meeting Code.  If you’ve ever had to design, build or just “make stairs work”, you can relate to the following sentiment:

    “Stairs, Stairs, STAIRS!  I don’t want to discuss them right now!  Let’s talk about something more fun…”.  Whether they be straight-run, scissor, winder, or spiral, interior or exterior means of egress, stairs of all types are simply difficult to deal with, i.e., a PAIN!  However, as you know, if your structure has levels above the ground, (more…)

  4. How Long Before the Pipes Freeze?

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    An unexpected severe winter freeze will remind many people and businesses that when water in a pipe freezes, the ice will expand and burst the pipe or pipe fitting.  Large losses will result from flooding when the temperatures rise.  Insulation will help, but not prevent freezing.  Insulation simply slows down the rate of heat loss.  The time of exposure to subfreezing temperature is an important factor.

    The American Society of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Handbook of Fundamentals has a short entry on the topic (Chapter 23, page 23.5-6), which gives an equation for estimating the time that it will take an insulated pipe to freeze, (more…)

  5. Taking a Practical Approach to Vehicle Fires

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    “On average, U.S. fire departments responded to a highway vehicle fire every 182 seconds,” according to the NFPA’s Fire Loss Facts Sheet.

    The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) says that vehicle fires account for about 20 percent of all reported fires. Before I attempt to examine a vehicle fire loss, I like to check various consumer and government agencies websites to see if I can find any recall or historical data that might be important. This is true for heavy truck fires all the way to automobile and motorcycle fires. (more…)

  6. Heavy Truck Tires: Their Various Roles and The Importance of Inspections

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    No one would argue that a tractor trailer is the same as an automobile (be it a truck, car, or SUV). The first thing that would come to mind is sheer size. Tractor trailers are larger in size and weight, and no doubt for good reason, these heavy trucks are designed to carry tens of thousands of pound of load.   An empty tractor with a semi-trailer comes in at around 35,000 lbs. A regular midsize car tips the scales at roughly 3,500 lbs.  Lots of parts of a tractor trailer are important, so to say this one or that one rates more important would be impossible (beyond the driver of course); however, a tractor trailer’s tires are definitely at the top of the list (more…)

  7. T is for Temporary – Issues with Extension Cords and Other Temporary Wiring Applications

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    Temporary wiring is just that….temporary, and is typically used for repair and maintenance projects.  In this blog I am going to discuss guidance offered by Article 590 of the National Electric Code (NEC), as well as some points to consider when using temporary wiring, including extension cords and holiday lighting.

    Before each use, extension cords need to be inspected for visual damage.  Cords with cuts or splits to the insulation need to be discarded.  Cords with damage to the connectors, including those that feel loose when connected, need to be taken out of service.   Failure to properly select and use extension cords can have a catastrophic result.  (more…)

  8. Moisture Intrusion into Structural Reinforced Concrete

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    Scenario:  The owners of Jones’ Marine, a marina with a wharf structure on a tidal saltwater river, cater to the operators of ships, barges, and large yachts.  There are both diesel and gasoline fuel pumps at the edge of the wharf.  In addition, a large mobile crane for lifting the large vessels out of the water for maintenance is in service at the wharf.  This crane is driven out to the edge of the wharf deck suspended over the water, subjecting this deck and the structure beneath it to very high loading.  They purchased the property from its former owners about 10 years ago and are conscientious about maintenance and upkeep of their thriving facility.  They decide it is time to have a survey performed of the condition of the precast reinforced concrete piles and pile caps beneath and supporting the concrete wharf platform/deck.  They are alarmed at what is discovered by this survey:  Significant spalling (more…)

  9. WARREN WEBINAR: “Issues with Breaching the Building Envelope”

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    LIVE WEBINAR:
    10/5/21  @ 1 pm EST “Issues with Breaching the Building Envelope” | Presented by George Sanford, P.E., Senior Consulting Structural Engineer

    COURSE LEARNING OBJECTIVES

    In this Webinar, we will discuss water entry through a variety of building envelope breaches. Water entry and subsequent wood decay, fungal growth and structural damages as a result from water intrusion can lead to serious property damage and major expenses for all types of property owners. We will discuss the definition of a building envelope, and look at various case studies involving breaches to the major components of the envelope. These major components include foundations, exterior walls, and roofs. The foundation case studies include issues with slabs-on-grade, crawlspaces, and basements. The exterior wall case studies involve improperly installed building wrap, leaking windows, and problems with stucco. The roof case studies look at issues with various roof coverings, vents, and penetrations. Participants will take away a thorough understanding of what defines the building envelope, how breaches to the envelope can occur, and how to identify root causes. (more…)

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